Do
we need management?

I believe that the whole idea of managing people is
obsolete. People are perfectly able to manage themselves. What we all need is
great leadership.

Management
is about controlling people and motivating them to do tasks in a “right” way. Leadership is about inspiring and releasing
potential of everyone to do the right things in their own way within defined
constrains and clear goal.

Creative leadership is an emerging philosophy in action. It is about creating an
environment that promotes innovative thinking and entrepreneurship.

Creative leadership embraces change, courage, collaboration and creativity. It encourages
sharing, generosity, purpose and pragmatism. It creates value in action; from critical
analysis, experimentation, bold decisions, calculated risk taking, agility and
hard work. The main purpose is the triple bottom line:
planet, people, profit.


Leadership
Theories from the past

Leadership theories have been
around since storytelling was created. Let’s mention some of them:

·
“The heaviest penalty
for declining to rule is to be ruled by someone inferior to yourself”
– Plato’s dialogue on leadership in Republic
·
It is better to be
feared than loved
” – Machiavelli’s The Prince
·
“A leader is best when
people barely know he exists, when his work is done, his aim fulfilled, they
will say: we did it ourselves
.” – Lao Tzu’s polar
definition

At
the end of the industrial revolution, we have seen a progression from a dominant leader style from the
early 20th
century, to a more egalitarian style, in which
interpersonal communication has lost its hierarchy, and value is judged on more
than consumer satisfaction alone.

·“Maximizing employees’ effectiveness through specialism” – Scientific Management, Taylor (1905)

· “Leaders are born, not made”
The Great Man
theory (1840s)

· “Only men with the inborn characteristics for leadership will be
successful, and have the innate ability to take their natural place when crises
arise”
The Trait theory
(1930s)

· “Three organizational leadership styles: autocratic, democratic, and
laissez-faire, with varying levels of management involvement and directive”
– Lewin et al. (1939)

·
“Leaders show great concern for employees, and include them in the
decision-making”
– the Participative Leadership theory, Dr. Rensis Likert

· “The best leadership style is the
one that best fit a given situation” – the Contingency Theory of Leadership, Fred
Fiedler (1973)

· “Leader is characterized as “dominant”, having a strong desire to
influence others, being self-confident, and having a strong sense of one’s own
moral values”
– Charismatic Leadership, Robert
House (1976)

·
“Conscious joint decision, and delegation of
authority” – of the Participative Leadership Gary Yukl (1971)

·
“The maturity or developmental level of the follower” – Situational Leadership, Dr. Paul Hersey and Dr. Ken Blanchard
(1977)

Currently, the limitations of
big companies are renewing interest in leadership qualities associated with
small enterprise development.

·
Entrepreneurial leadership can
be defined as the ability to anticipate opportunities, envision new concepts, collaborate
and respond fast to changes or opportunities. (Kuratko, 2007).

Due to big global issues that
are already influencing people and planet, social
entrepreneurship
might be the only way for future leadership. In addition
to entrepreneurial leadership qualities, focus is on creating value with higher purpose, sharing resources and working
as community in small flexible teams
.

As time passes, leadership
theories will come and go. What will stay is the impact leader makes and created
value, for people and planet.

How do you want to be remembered?
What has been your impact?

Oslo/Amela
Koluder